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Prairie Grasslands
Branimir Gjetvaj. Stallion running through pasture with sage brush. Val Marie PFRA community pasture, Saskatchewan, Canada
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Prairie Grasslands

It might come as a surprise that the most endangered landscape on earth isn’t Brazilian rainforest - it’s actually prairie grasslands. Rolling hills, natural stone sculptures and life-giving waterways make up this unique landscape in southwest Saskatchewan and southern Alberta. These heritage ranch lands are some of the few remaining places that provide habitat for an incredible number of unique species, including the Greater Sage Grouse and the Pronghorn Antelope. These animals already have homes in the Milk River Watershed and South of the Divide in areas such as Govenlock, Nashlyn and Battle Creek Grasslands in Saskatchewan and the Suffield Community Pasture in Alberta. Continued ranching - a practice that replicates natural bison grazing - is an important part of keeping this landscape healthy. With the cooperation of our agricultural and Indigenous partners, Nature Canada wants the government to permanently protect more of these areas rich in both biodiversity and western heritage.

Pacific Deepsea Oasis
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Pacific Deepsea Oasis

Far from the shore of BC and more than four times the size of Vancouver Island, an otherworldly seascape of underwater mountains and fragile coral forests exists below the surface. The area (officially designated the Offshore Area of Interest) supports 13 individual marine mountains - all stretching over 1000 metres from the seafloor - that are ocean oases supporting complex ecosystems. They are literal hotspots for sea life, where hydrothermal vents release billowing black smoke and nutrient-rich water superheated by the earth’s core. The vents and mountains are a gathering place for sea life. From microscopic creatures all the way up to octopus, rays, sharks, whales and dolphins. Making this area full Marine Protected Area with restrictions on oil and gas is a chance to protect fragile seamounts, preserve the area for future scientific exploration and move a step closer towards Canada’s 2020 target for marine protection.

Thank You for Caring for Nature This Holiday Season!
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Thank You for Caring for Nature This Holiday Season!

[caption id="attachment_33387" align="alignleft" width="150"]Image of Jodi Joy Jodi Joy, Director of Development[/caption] As we ring in the joys of the holiday season and look with gratitude to another new year, we often reflect on the key moments of the past year, whether through lists on TV or in the paper or read online. With every member who shares their nature discoveries, memories or wishes, I’m reminded again and again how much nature nurtures our souls.  It also reminds me why our members feel it’s important to defend wildlife and wilderness. It’s truly inspiring and heartwarming to know that you care dearly about nature. Thank you for your kindness, compassion and dedication to nature this past year. Your generous support is always hard at work to defend animals, plants, and the clean air and water we all depend on. mountain lake At this sharing and caring time of the year, you might enjoy these reflections from your fellow Nature Canada members that hopefully will put a smile on your face as you read and nod along: “Nature is a never-ending source of inspiration, restoration and discovery for me. I think for all of humanity, when one opens their eyes and heart to it, from a single wild bloom in an urban field to the broad majesty one encounters on a mountain hike. So much to discover and care for.”Dorothy, BC, member since 1999 “I find solace in nature — the woods, fields, swamps, running water, rocks and cliffs are like cathedrals. Birdsong and glimpses of wildlife connect me to the living web that sustains us all." “I still remember watching the morning mist and hearing the loon’s cry at the lake for the first time as a little girl sixty years ago, like it was yesterday.”Marion, ON, member since 2013 “After camping for nearly half a century … I still love it so! My wish for our beautiful country is that Canadian nature be protected, nurtured and respected more than before and that the generations that come will understand and appreciate the importance of this vital symbiosis.”Julie, QC, member since 2003 “We say nature like it’s something separate from us. We are nature, we are part of wilderness, we must protect nature to protect mankind.” – Gisele, ON, member since 2003 “My wish is that every Canadian be grateful for all that is great about our magnificent natural heritage.”Ann, AB, member since 1998 “I hope that Canada’s citizens vow to work together to protect and expand our remaining wild spaces. We need to protect our biodiversity. We need stronger environmental protection to do so. Every form of life in Canada deserves clean air, water and soil. That’s our commitment for the next 150 years.”Karen, ON, member since 2001 As we look forward to 2018 (oh my gosh, where did the last year go?!) — an enormous THANK YOU to all of our members who stand alongside us to be a strong voice for nature. You and I can be thankful for all the gifts nature provides.

Season's Greetings and Happy New Year!

P.S. One final parting thought from our AB member Catharina:

"The greatest gift we can give to each other this year should be … an ongoing commitment to preserve and protect our precious wildlands!"

Vulpes, Vixen and … Vulpix? Foxes in folklore and popular culture
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Vulpes, Vixen and … Vulpix? Foxes in folklore and popular culture

[caption id="attachment_31795" align="alignleft" width="150"]Image of Amanda Simard Amanda Simard, Writing Intern[/caption] fox-1966595_640This blog was written by writing intern Amanda Simard. This month’s calendar photo features a Red Fox and was taken near Ottawa, ON. The Red Fox is one of the most widespread Canids, and foxes have featured in a variety of folklore and myths around the world. Often, they are portrayed as cunning tricksters, but they also feature as a wise magical spirits or alluring enchantresses. Here are a few instances of foxes found in folklore and in popular culture![gap height="25"]

The Native American fox

In Native American folklore, foxes appear in a variety of capacities, but often Fox is a trickster companion to Coyote, a male anthropomorphized Coyote spirit. In some myths, foxes are wise and benevolent. In others, they are connected to fire and the sun. Sometimes, Fox is a minor and clever spirit who helps people and animals in need, or punishes those who are arrogant. And sometimes, Fox is a bad omen, a greedy and mean-spirited thief. Did you know? Foxes are common clan animals in Native American culture.

image of a Red FoxCeltic fox

In Celtic mythology, the fox is wise and cunning. A trickster who knows the forest better than anyone else, the fox symbolizes the need to think fast and strategically. Highly adaptable creatures, they also symbolize the need to adjust to new situations. The Celtic fox is a shapeshifter who can switch between canine and human forms at will. This unique ability means the fox can easily slip in and out of places, especially those dangerous to anyone else. Foxes are also seducers, captivating unwitting souls with their charm and good looks.

The Asian fox

The different interpretations of the fox in Asian folklore feature similar ideology of the fox as a magical being, though it varies between being a good and bad omen. The Chinese Huli Jing is a playful trickster who integrates itself into human society. The Japanese Kitsune is a more deified being with an ambivalent stance on humanity. The Korean kumiho tends to be an ill omen, a seductress who is a literal man-eater. While scholars are unsure where any of the myths truly started, cross-pollination of fox spirit myths has resulted in some common themes. Generally, the Asian fox spirit is a magical shapeshifter, sometimes portrayed as having up to nine tails depending on its age and wisdom.

Foxes in Popular Culture

image of a Red FoxFoxes and references to fox mythology appear all over the place in popular culture. In North America for instance, programming aimed at kids — though often appreciated and beloved by children and adults alike – often features foxes aplenty. Disney is no exception to the trope, with Tod and Vixey from The Fox and the Hound, or Robin Hood himself in the film by the same name. Let us not forget the recent film Zootopia, which features a fox named Nick Wilde as the witty and misunderstood secondary main character. And for all 90s kids out there, or for those still hooked on Pokemon GO — it would be remiss to talk about foxes in popular culture without mentioning, at least once, the adorable Vulpix — the fox-like fire-type pokemon who evolves into Ninetails. Do you know a good fox myth? Who are your favourite popular foxes? Let us know it the comments, on Facebook, or on Twitter!
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Barn and Bank Swallows Legally Listed as Threatened
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Barn and Bank Swallows Legally Listed as Threatened

[caption id="attachment_31795" align="alignleft" width="150"]Image of Megan MacIntosh Megan MacIntosh, Purple Martin Project Coordinator[/caption] Not long after fall songbird migration wrapped up for another year, two familiar summer residents, the Barn Swallow and Bank Swallow, were officially listed as threatened species under Schedule 1 of the 2002 Species at Risk Act (SARA) in Canada. This moment came many years after COSEWIC, the scientific advisory committee, made the recommendation (2011 for Barn Swallow and 2013 for Bank Swallow). Nature Canada congratulates the Minister of Environment and Climate Change, the Honourable Catherine McKenna, for pushing these listings through. With natural habitat significantly altered over the past century, swallows, in an incredible demonstration of resilience, have adapted to rely on human structures for breeding habitat. As migratory birds, they are protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act (1994), and have been included in various multi-species action plans at historic sites and conservation areas across Canada. Provincially, Barn Swallow and Bank Swallow are listed as threatened in Ontario and endangered in Nova Scotia, and the Purple Martin, North America’s largest swallow, is listed as special concern in British Columbia. What does this mean? How can it be that the Barn Swallow, the most abundant and widely distributed species of swallow in the world, came to be threatened? Image of Barn Swallow Let’s start with the glaringly obvious bad news: Their populations’ are in trouble, and their disappearance is part of larger trend impacting songbirds – a distress signal from ecosystems widely out of balance. Over the past 40 years, swallows and other birds that rely on a diet of flying insects have undergone steeper declines than any other birds in Canada - some by more than 90%. While scientists are still working to understand more about the cause, threats such as climate change, use of pesticides, decreased insect prey availability, loss of wetland and foraging habitat, industrial activities, competition from invasive species, and increased predation pressure all play a role. If nothing is done, it is possible that we could lose these wonderful species, and with them, their beautiful songs as a symbol of spring. The good news is that SARA was enacted precisely for this purpose – to prevent the disappearance of species at risk. Through SARA, definitive actions and resources can be set in place to get these birds some of the special attention they need. For example, the government is now required to produce a federal recovery strategy for the Bank Swallow and Barn Swallow within 2 years of the date they were listed. A recovery strategy serves as a detailed management plan that includes an assessment of the species and its needs, identifies threats and critical habitat, and sets priorities and approaches towards stopping and reversing their decline. In the meantime, we cannot rely on this as our only plan.  For species so closely connected with humans, a strong stewardship effort is needed to help provide a safe place for swallows while they raise their young in our backyards. Anybody can help. Learn more about Nature Canada’s Purple Martin program, or discover resources by our partners at Bird Studies Canada. To see the full list of scheduled species to SARA, visit https://www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=en&n=24F7211B-1

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Both cunning and stunning: Discover Canadian foxes!
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Both cunning and stunning: Discover Canadian foxes!

[caption id="attachment_31795" align="alignleft" width="150"]Image of Amanda Simard Amanda Simard, Writing Intern[/caption] Written by writing intern Amanda Simard. This month’s calendar photo features a Red Fox and was taken near Ottawa, ON. How much do you know about foxes? The Red Fox is the most widespread fox species, with over 45 recognized subspecies. Did you know male foxes are called tods, dogs or reynards, while female foxes are called vixens and young foxes are called cubs, pups or kits? The Red Fox is one of four species of fox found in Canada, two of which are threatened species. Learn more about Canadian foxes![gap height="30"] [caption id="attachment_32350" align="alignright" width="200"]image of a Red Fox Red Fox[/caption] Red Fox

  • Scientific name: Vulpes vulpes
  • Status under SARA: no status
  • Canadian range: throughout Canada
  • Habitat: they prefer mixed vegetation habitats but are adaptable to a wide range of habitats including forests, tundra, prairies and even urban areas.
  • Size: length (with tail): 90 - 112 cm; weight: 3.6 – 6.8 kg
  • Description: Red Foxes range from pale yellowish-red to deep red. They have white undersides, their paws are usually black and their tail is white or black tipped.[gap height="30"]
[caption id="attachment_32346" align="alignleft" width="200"]image of an Arctic Fox Arctic Fox[/caption] Arctic Fox
  • Scientific name: Vulpes lagopus
  • Status under SARA: no status
  • Canadian range: northern Canada
  • Habitat: arctic and alpine tundra.
  • Size: length (with tail): 75 - 115 cm; weight:5 - 9 kg
  • Description: Arctic Foxes are white in the winter and brown in the summer – the back, tail and legs turn dark brown while the underside stays somewhat paler. A small number of Artic Foxes have a blueish-gray coat through the winter.[gap height="60"]
[caption id="attachment_32347" align="alignright" width="200"]image of a Grey Fox Grey Fox[/caption] Gray Fox 
  • Scientific name: Urocyon cinereoargenteus
  • Status under SARA: Threatened. The 2015 COSEWIC assessment also designated the species as “Threatened.”
  • Canadian range: Ontario
  • Habitat: often deciduous forests, but they are adaptable to a variety of habitats. Their dens are often found in dense brush.
  • Size: length (with tail):5 - 156.8 cm; average weight: males – 4.1 kg, females – 3.9 kg
  • Description: The Gray Fox has a grizzled gray colour, with red fur on the neck, sides, and legs. It has a black stripe down its back to the tip of its tail.[gap height="30"]
[caption id="attachment_32352" align="alignleft" width="200"]image of a Swift Fox Swift Fox by Drew Avery (CC BY 2.0)[/caption] Swift Fox
  • Scientific name: Vulpes velox
  • Status under SARA: Threatened. The 2009 COSEWIC assessment also designated the species as “Threatened.”
  • Canadian range: Alberta, Saskatchewan
  • Habitat: open short-grass and mixed-grass prairies.
  • Size: length: approximately 80 cm; average weight: males – 2.45 kg, females – 2.25 kg
  • Description: The Swift Fox is smaller and paler than the Red Fox. It has relatively large pointed ears and a black-tipped tail.[gap height="75"]

Conservation

One of the main threats to both Gray Foxes and Swift Foxes is hunting and trapping. Additionally, the Swift Fox is vulnerable to habitat destruction.

What you can do

You can help through your valued and continued support of Nature Canada’s varied conservation efforts.
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Mentorship: A Conversation with Women for Nature’s Sharolyn Mathieu Vettese
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Mentorship: A Conversation with Women for Nature’s Sharolyn Mathieu Vettese

[caption id="attachment_35323" align="alignleft" width="150"] Marsha Mann, Women for Nature[/caption] [caption id="attachment_35323" align="alignright" width="150"] Sharolyn Mathieu Vettese, Women for Nature[/caption] Featuring Women for Nature member's Sharolyn Mathieu Vettese. Written by fellow Women for Nature member Marsha Mann.  M: When were you a mentor? S: My first, and only experience as a mentor was to a top 20 under 20 women in Canada. She had wanted a mentor who was political and environmental. Since David Suzuki’s daughter was unavailable, the organization approached me, and of course I agreed. I had been a Green Party candidate both federally and provincially, and I was also an environmentalist. I believe in democracy, and the importance of having a choice on the ballot, and to step up when needed to make things happen. My participation brought about several changes, such as candidates having their parties along with their names listed on the ballot. I practice environmentalism every day to reduce waste, and be considerate of the wildlife around me. I took every opportunity to educate my own children about the importance of our environment and worked toward reducing my family’s carbon footprint. various NatureHood ActivitiesI met my mentee when she was just graduating from high school. She was academically accomplished and a school leader. She was confident, had ambitious goals, and she was going to change the world. I thought this arrangement would last one year during her first year at university, but it lasted for 5 until she had got her Masters from Oxford University. It was satisfying for me to see someone I had been there for doing well and making changes in world. If I can do it again and make a difference I would. The world is changing rapidly, climate change is already happening exponentially and we need strong leaders who can help our planet. So, when Jodi asked me to consider being a mentor for Women for Nature, I said sure. M: How did you arrange your meetings with your mentee? S: I made myself available by any form of communication including phone, text, email, and, of course, in person. I have not yet been matched with the Women for Nature mentor program, but I am looking forward to it in the next round. M: How is mentoring different than say, coaching or managing? S: Managing is more about expectations, especially work, but mentoring is about caring about the whole person. It is more like nurturing. Whatever she was facing, or needed I was there to support her. Her family gave me a plant to thank me for being the soil that made her grow. M: What inspired you to become involved with Women for Nature? S: I was one of the first women who donated to Nature Canada in a significant way for over 30 years. Jodi said she wanted to engage and involve more women like me who are committed to nature, which became known as "Women for Nature". I think it is important for women to choose their own causes, and be leaders in those causes. For me, it is the preservation of our wilderness. M: Who inspired you? S: My father was always very supportive of whatever initiative I wanted to take. He had an adventurous spirit, and was always willing to try something new. He wasn’t afraid. I later appreciated how big of a person he was since he had four daughters and no sons at a time when sons were preferred. He never made us feel we were second-rate. He encouraged all of us to go to university at a time when many women weren’t. My father made me feel I wasn’t handicapped being a woman. My mother was more traditional, and supportive in other ways, but I think my father was the bigger influence in my life. He was an original thinker. He got me thinking how important it is to get women in a leadership position to implement gender equality, and be environmentalists if there is going to be a cultural shift. M: Sharolyn is still an environmentalist. Her company, SMV Energy Solutions offers services in cap and trade, and provides simple smart solutions to reduce energy consumption which positively impact the triple bottom line. It was a pleasure to spend time with Sharolyn and getting to know her.

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Seven Animals You Can Find in Canada
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Seven Animals You Can Find in Canada

This blog is written by Toby Dean who works on behalf of londonschoolofphotography.com in outreach and content creation and edited by John Stuart. Canada is not only home to breath-taking landscapes, but it also hosts more than 400 bird species, around 200 mammal species and an extremely diverse oceanic life. Read on to discover seven beautiful animals found in Canada. Image of a Vancouver Island Marmot

1. Vancouver Island Marmot

These large squirrels live in mountainous areas as they prefer burrows. The Vancouver Island Marmot can only be found on the Vancouver Island in British Columbia. This species is bigger than others and can weigh as much as seven kilograms and measure between 60 – 70 cm. As one of the rarest animals on the planet, the Vancouver Island Marmot is now part of a recovery program aimed at increasing the marmot count. Marmots are herbivores and hibernate for almost three quarters of the year, from late September to April or May. You can learn more about this species here. 

Image of a Wolverine

2. Wolverine

The Wolverine is a small solitary carnivore animal that can kill prey much larger than itself. Wolverines are mainly scavengers. They follow wolf trails in order to scavenge the remains of their prey. They are known as ferocious and opportunistic, as well, this animal can be found in forests at high altitudes.

3. Eastern Cougar

The Eastern Cougar is also known as the puma or the mountain lion. This beautiful and ferocious feline is notorious for stalking and ambushing its prey. Eastern Cougars main prey is the White-tailed Deer. Agile and slender, the species is capable of leaping more than six meters. They are solitary animals and can travel extremely long distances to search for prey. The cougar is very territorial and will avoid other felines.

image of a Grey Wolf4. Grey Wolf

Grey Wolves have fascinated humans for a long time. They vary in color and can be all-white or gray and black. Grey Wolves live in packs with a well-established hierarchy and are great hunters. They eat small prey such as rabbits and larger animals such as moose and elk. A pack of gray wolves usually has between seven to eight animals. They travel, live and hunt in packs. Each pack includes an alpha male and female (the father and mother) and their offspring. The alphas are in charge of tracking prey and establishing the territory.
[caption id="attachment_29847" align="alignright" width="236"]Image of an American Bison American Bison. Flickr photo by Larry Smith (CC BY 2.0)[/caption]

5. Bison

Bison feed on sedges and grasses. They were on the brink of extinction in the 19th century but their numbers are now growing due to conservation efforts. Since they rely heavily on grazing, Bison had an important role in the past. They created the perfect environment for plants and animals to flourish. Wild Bison don’t have many predators, however they can be attacked and taken down by packs of wolves, coyotes, grizzlies or brown bears.

Image of Canada Lynx6. Canada Lynx

This is a medium-sized feline with a bobbed tail, extra-long ear tufts and large paws that help them walk in deep snow. The Canada Lynx can be found in moist, borest forests where it thrives thanks to its long legs and thick fur. they resemble similarities to Bobcats but it is easily distinguished by the length of the tufts. Lynx feed mostly on Snowshoe Hares but also on squirrels, carrion and mice. They prefer dense forests that serve as shelter. As solitary animals, they travel and hunt alone. They are mostly nocturnal animals and like to hunt by walking and chasing their prey.

7. Beluga Whale

Beluga Whales are social animals known as opportunistic feeders. They eat anything from Salmon, Rainbow Sole and Arctic Cod to crabs, snails, mussels and octopus. Belugas are never solitary and they congregate in groups that can be as small as two to three or as large as a few hundred. They communicate with each other using whistles and clicks. Belugas can dive to depths of up to 700 meters but they usually forage for food at depths of 300 meters. Their gestation period lasts 15 months and they give birth to one calf at a time.
Spotting these seven animals in the wild can be rare. As a photographer, when they do show up, you have to be quick on your feet to snap the perfect pictures. If you’re travelling to find these animals and to take photos of them, you should be well-prepared and informed. To perfect your photography skills before the journey, consider attending a professional photography workshop that will give you the needed tips and tricks for photographing wildlife.
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I Belong Here – How Nature Supports a Sense of Belonging and Wellbeing
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I Belong Here – How Nature Supports a Sense of Belonging and Wellbeing

[caption id="attachment_34602" align="alignleft" width="150"]Image of Sherry Nigro, Guest Blogger Sherry Nigro, Guest Blogger[/caption] This blog is written by guest blogger Sherry Nigro. Chances are, when you think about your "happy" place, it is somewhere in a natural setting. Why is that? Research shows that exposure to nature is correlated with improved wellbeing and a stronger sense of belonging. Both of these factors contribute not only to our quality of life, but also to our morbidity and even mortality! [caption id="attachment_34889" align="alignright" width="340"]Image of flowers Photo by Sherry Nigro[/caption] Time in nature has quantifiable physiological effects, including changes to brain activity, reduced stress hormones, improved immune function and less muscle tension. More difficult to measure are the intangible effects, such as personal perceptions and feelings. However, with sample sizes of thousands of people, scientists have been able to validate the link between nature and feeling a sense of connection. Amazingly, this happens whether one is in the no-cell-service wilderness or looking at a tree out of a window. While the response is proportionate to the quality of the green space and the level of immersion, it is still remarkable that one just needs to see nature to have an effect. That said, there are still questions about how the pathways of response function and whether there is a chicken-or-an-egg causality. There is a need for continued research to better understand the relationships with obvious implications for health care, education, land use planning and public policy. Connectedness is fundamental to the human condition. When someone is exposed to nature, there is a sense of connection to nature, of belonging that scientists have named "nature-relatedness". Tools to measure the depth of an individual's "soft fascination" with and interest in nature have been able to demonstrate links with pro-environmental attitudes and behaviours as well as higher levels of wellbeing. [caption id="attachment_34890" align="alignleft" width="357"]Image of a lake Photo by Sherry Nigro[/caption]

We not only feel more connected to the natural world, we also feel more kinship with our human community. Exposure to nature increases social cohesion which consists of shared norms, positive relationships with others and feelings of belonging. Studies on populations, such as public housing residents, show that those who have access to green space and green views have more social ties with their neighbours and a stronger sense of community. We know that attachment to a place or a group is highly protective for positive mental health, especially for youth and older adults.

Reports by respected organizations including the World Health Organization, the American Public Health Association, Canadian Parks Council, and Toronto Public Health, have all documented the positive impact nature has on our personal sense of belonging and wellbeing. But I think perhaps Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) said it best: "I took a walk in the woods and came out taller than the trees."
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Discover the unique Algonquin Wolf
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Discover the unique Algonquin Wolf

[caption id="attachment_31795" align="alignleft" width="150"]Image of Amanda Simard Amanda Simard, Writing Intern[/caption] This blog was written by writing intern Amanda Simard. This month’s calendar photo shows a young Algonquin Wolf spotted in Algonquin Park, ON. Here are some facts about this wolf you may not have known! [caption id="attachment_32152" align="alignright" width="286"]image of Algonquin Provincial Park Algonquin Provincial Park[/caption] Algonquin Wolf Description

  • Common name: Algonquin Wolf
  • Scientific name: Canis sp.
  • Habitat: deciduous and mixed forests, south of the Boreal Forest Region. Found in Quebec and Ontario
  • Size: average weight: females – 24 kg; males – 29 kg
  • Description: a medium-sized canid with fur that is often reddish-brown, though colouring varies greatly. It appearance bears similarities to the Grey Wolf and the Coyote.
What’s in a name? Until recently, the Algonquin Wolf was known as the Eastern Wolf. It is still listed as Eastern Wolf by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) as of their assessment in 2015. However, the Committee on the Status of Species at Risk in Ontario (COSSARO) has since concluded that the Algonquin Wolf is genetically distinct from the Eastern Wolf. Cross breeding The Algonquin Wolf is a subspecies resulting from a long history of hybridization among the various canids who inhabit the region. It is a cross between the Eastern Wolf, the Grey Wolf and the Coyote. As a result, its size is slightly larger than a Coyote but smaller than a Grey Wolf. To be properly identified, genetic testing is often necessary because it may look very similar to these other canids. [caption id="attachment_32169" align="aligncenter" width="600"]images of a Grey Wolf and a Coyote Left to right: Image of a Grey Wolf and image a Coyote[/caption] Population size The population is estimated to be fewer than 500 mature individuals and they live primarily in Algonquin Park. Outside this protected area, the biggest threat to the Algonquin Wolf is hunting and trapping. It is also vulnerable to road-related mortalities and habit loss from encroaching housing developments. Currently, the Algonquin Wolf is listed under “Threatened” according to the 2015 COSEWIC assessment and has “Special Concern” status under the Species at Risk Act (SARA). “Threatened” means the species is not endangered at present but is likely to become so without preventative actions. What you can do
  • Report a sighting. The Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry tracks species at risk. The data collected from citizen sightings helps inform conservation action.
  • You can also help through your continued support of Nature Canada’s many habitat conservation efforts.
Acknowledgements: COSEWIC and Species at risk in Ontario
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