of funding is the root cause of the many threats facing
Canada's national wildlife areas and migratory bird
sanctuaries. The network contains about half as much
land as our national parks system, yet it is maintained
with less than one per cent of the national parks' budget.
Under these conditions Environment Canada is unequipped
to handle this crisis.
Canada lacks the staff to enforce basic environmental
laws (Canadian Wildlife Act, Species at Risk Act,
Migratory Birds Convention Act, Fisheries Act, and
Canadian Environmental Protection Act) within its
are losing vital chances to expand this wildlife network.
Private development is buying critical wildlife habitat
because Environment Canada cannot afford to acquire
these lands for the network. Government red tape and
tax barriers further prevent the expansion of the
Canada lacks the legal tools to protect the ecological
integrity of the network. New and updated laws and
policies are needed to guide network management.
go unmanaged or are managed poorly due to lack of
on-site staff. Similarly, scientific research and
monitoring lack resources. Only five of Canada's 143
national wildlife areas and migratory bird sanctuaries
have Environment Canada staff on site.
Canada is losing what little ability it has to provide
Canadians with nature education at these sites and
to foster partnerships with local community organizations
that provide important services.Government spending
on protected areas
per hectare spending)
US national parks
US national wildlife refuges
Canadian national parks
Canadian national wildlife areas and migratory
United States has ten times more national wildlife areas
(which they call national wildlife refuges) than Canada.
President Theodore Roosevelt created more refuges between
1903 and 1906 than the 51 national wildlife areas found
in Canada today.