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Solomon's seal, Star-flowered (Maianthemum stellatum, formerly Smilacina stellata)
Also known as: Solomon plume, wild spikenard
General: An elegant wildflower (15–60 cm) with tall, arching stems.
Leaves & Twigs: The narrow, grey-green leaves have long, noticeable veins. Leaf size and shape can vary, depending on where the plant is located. In bright light, the leaves are stiff; in shade, they are limp but tend to grow larger.
Flowers & Fruit: The white flowers (up to 6 mm wide) have six petals, and form a loose group at the end of each leafy stem. Berries are greenish with dark stripes, before turning red, and then nearly black, in early fall.
Habitat: Prefers woodlands, open meadows and shores of sandy marshes.
Sampling: Select a typical patch of plants, if the plants are very abundant, mark off a 1-metre-square section to observe.