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Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta)
Also known as: shore pine (coastal)
General: There are two varieties of this pine: one is a smaller (up to 15 m tall) branching, coastal variety. The other is straighter, (up to 30 m tall) unbranched, and grows in the interior.
Leaves & Twigs: The paired needles are 3–7 cm long, somewhat twisted in lodgepole pine and stiffer and shorter in shore pine.
Flowers & Fruit: The seed cones (4–6 cm long cylinders) often point backwards toward the tree trunk. Note the short prickles on the scales of the cones.
Habitat: The lodgepole pine is a wide ranging species, and can be found in both coastal bogs and shallow sub-alpine soils.
Sampling: Tag a typical tree for observation.