Canadian Important Bird Areas (IBA) program has identified
sites that provide essential habitat for bird populations
through an internationally established, systematic
and science-based approach.
date, the Canadian program has identified 597 IBAs. Our goal is to identify
and conserve every site in Canada that meets the following IBA criteria:
Sites that hold significant numbers of endangered, threatened,
or vulnerable bird species. Such habitats are often
under imminent threat, and conserving these IBAs is
essential to reversing population declines and preventing
Sites that hold endemic species or those with restricted
ranges. Birds with small breeding ranges are vulnerable
because loss of small amounts of habitat can negatively
affect large numbers of a species population.
Unlike tropical countries, this category has only limited
application in Canada because most of our bird species
have large breeding ranges.
A biome-restricted assemblage is a site that holds a grouping of species found only in a particular natural community type. Sites that support
biome-restricted assemblages are often of general conservation
interest, and protecting these IBAs conserves habitat
for birds and a host of other unique flora and fauna.
Sites where birds concentrate in significant numbers
when breeding, feeding, staging, wintering or migrating. The majority
of Canadian IBAs are identified under this category.
Protection of key breeding sites and staging areas within
Canada is critical to the health of vast numbers of
birds that range throughout the Americas.
Canada and Bird Studies Canada are Canadian co-partners
delivering BirdLife Internationals Important
Bird Areas program in Canada. We aim to identify,
monitor and protect a global network of IBAs for
the conservation of the worlds birds and other