Canadian Important Bird Areas (IBA) program has identified
sites that provide essential habitat for bird populations
through an internationally established, systematic,
and science-based approach. IBAs are designated under
the following criteria:
Sites that hold significant numbers of endangered, threatened,
or vulnerable bird species. Such habitats are often
under imminent threat, and conserving these IBAs is
essential to reversing population declines and preventing
with restricted breeding ranges
Sites that hold endemic species or those with restricted
ranges. Birds with small breeding ranges are vulnerable
because loss of small amounts of habitat can negatively
affect large populations of a species population.
Unlike tropical countries, this category has only limited
application in Canada because most of our bird species
have large breeding ranges.
Sites that hold an assemblage of species restricted
to a biome (such as the Boreal or Great Plains biome)
or a unique natural community type. Sites that support
biome-restricted assemblages are often of general conservation
interest, and protecting these IBAs conserves habitat
for birds and a host of other unique flora and fauna.
Sites where birds concentrate in significant numbers
when breeding, wintering or migrating. The majority
of Canadian IBAs are identified under this category.
Protection of key breeding sites and staging areas within
Canada is critical to the health of vast numbers of
birds that range throughout the Americas.
date the Canadian program has identified 597 IBAs. There
is no quota for IBAs in Canada. Our goal is to identify
and conserve every site in Canada that meets IBA criteria.
Biome: A large, naturally occurring community of flora
and fauna adapted to the particular conditions in which
they occur, e.g. tundra.
Canada and Bird Studies Canada are Canadian co-partners
delivering BirdLife Internationals Important
Bird Areas program in Canada. We aim to identify,
monitor and protect a global network of IBAs for
the conservation of the worlds birds and other